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StraightStreamReader.java

/*
 * An InputStreamReader that does no character encoding translations.
 * Copyright (C) 2001 Stephen Ostermiller <utils@Ostermiller.com>
 *
 * Changes: (2001 by Gerwin Klein <lsf@jflex.de>)
 *          - commented out package declaration for the example
 *          - original version at http://www.smo.f2s.com/utils/
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 * (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 * See COPYING.TXT for details.
 */
 
// package com.Ostermiller.util;

import java.io.*;

/**
 * A StraightStreamReader is a bridge from byte streams to character streams: It reads bytes
 * and translates them into characters without using a character encoding.  The characters
 * that a StraightStreamReader returns may not be valid unicode characters but they are
 * guaranteed to be in the 0x00 to 0xFF range.
 * <P>
 * Most of the time you want to do character encoding translation when translating bytes to
 * characters.  If you are planning on displaying the text, you should always do this and should
 * use an InputStreamReader for the purpose.  Sometimes it is useful to treat characters as bytes
 * with some extra bits.  In these cases you would want to use a StraightStreamReader.
 * <P>
 * For top efficiency, consider wrapping an StraightStreamReader within a BufferedReader. For example:<br>
 * <code>BufferedReader in = new BufferedReader(new StraightStreamReader(System.in));</code>
 */
00040 public class StraightStreamReader extends Reader{

    /**
     * The input stream from which all methods in this class read.
     */
00045     private InputStream in;

    /**
     * A byte array to be used for calls to the InputStream.  This
     * is cached as a class variable to avoid object creation and
     * deletion each time a read is called.  This buffer may be
     * null and may not be large enough.  Make sure to check it
     * before using it.
     */
00054     private byte[] buffer;

    /**
     * Create a StraightStreamReader from an InputStream
     *
     * @param in InputStream to wrap a Reader around.
       */
00061       public StraightStreamReader(InputStream in) {
            this.in = in;
      }

    /**
     * Close the stream.
     *
     * @throws IOException If an I/O error occurs
     */
00070       public void close() throws IOException {
            in.close();
      }

    /**
     * Mark the present position in the stream. Subsequent calls to reset() 
       * will attempt to reposition the stream to this point. Not all 
       * character-input streams support the mark() operation.
     *
     * @param readAheadLimit Limit on the number of characters that may be read 
       *    while still preserving the mark. After reading this many characters, 
       *    attempting to reset the stream may fail.
     * @throws IOException If the stream does not support mark(), or if some other I/O error occurs
     */
00084     public void mark(int readAheadLimit) throws IOException {
      in.mark(readAheadLimit);
    }

    /**
     * Tell whether this stream supports the mark() operation.
     *
       * @return true if and only if this stream supports the mark operation.
     */
00093       public boolean markSupported(){
            return in.markSupported();
      } 

    /**
       * Read a single character. This method will block until a character is available, an 
       * I/O error occurs, or the end of the stream is reached.
     * 
       * @return The character read, as an integer in the range 0 to 256 (0x00-0xff), or -1 if 
       *    the end of the stream has been reached
       * @throws IOException If an I/O error occurs
     */
00105       public int read() throws IOException { 
        return in.read();
      }

    /**
       * Read characters into an array. This method will block until some input is available,
       * an I/O error occurs, or the end of the stream is reached.
     *
       * @param cbuf Destination buffer
     * @return The number of bytes read, or -1 if the end of the stream has been reached
       * @throws IOException If an I/O error occurs
     */
00117       public int read(char[] cbuf) throws IOException {
            return read(cbuf, 0, cbuf.length);
      }
    
    /**
       * Read characters into an array. This method will block until some input is available,
       * an I/O error occurs, or the end of the stream is reached.
     *
       * @param cbuf Destination buffer
       * @param off Offset at which to start storing characters
       * @param len Maximum number of characters to read
       * @return The number of bytes read, or -1 if the end of the stream has been reached
       * @throws IOException If an I/O error occurs
     */
00131       public int read(char[] cbuf, int off, int len) throws IOException {
        // ensure the capacity of the buffer that we will be using
        // to read from the input stream
            if (buffer == null || buffer.length < len){
                  buffer = new byte[len];
        }
        // read from the input stream and copy it to the character array
        int length = in.read(buffer, 0, len);
        for (int i=0; i<length; i++){
            cbuf[off+i] = (char)(0xFF & buffer[i]);
            }
            return length;
      }

      /**
       * Tell whether this stream is ready to be read.
     *
       * @return True if the next read() is guaranteed not to block for input, false otherwise.
     *    Note that returning false does not guarantee that the next read will block.
       * @throws IOException If an I/O error occurs
     */
00152       public boolean ready() throws IOException {
            return (in.available() > 0);
      }

      /**
       * Reset the stream. If the stream has been marked, then attempt to reposition it at the mark. 
       * If the stream has not been marked, then attempt to reset it in some way appropriate to the 
       * particular stream, for example by repositioning it to its starting point. Not all 
       * character-input streams support the reset() operation, and some support reset() 
       * without supporting mark().
     *
       * @throws IOException If the stream has not been marked, or if the mark has been invalidated, 
       *    or if the stream does not support reset(), or if some other I/O error occurs
     */
00166       public void reset() throws IOException {
            in.reset();
      }

      /**
       * Skip characters. This method will block until some characters are available, 
       * an I/O error occurs, or the end of the stream is reached.
       *
       * @param n The number of characters to skip
       * @return The number of characters actually skipped
       * @throws IllegalArgumentException If n is negative
     * @throws IOException If an I/O error occurs
     */
00179       public long skip(long n) throws IOException {
        return in.skip(n);
      }

    /**
     * Regression test for this class.  If this class is working, this should
     * run and print no errors.
     * <P>
     * This method creates a tempory file in the working directory called "test.txt".
     * This file should not exist before hand, and the program should have create,
     * read, write, and delete access to this file.
     *
     * @param args command line arguments (ignored)
     */
00193     private static void main(String[] args){
        try {
            File f = new File("test.txt");
            if (f.exists()){
                throw new IOException(f + " already exists.  I don't want to overwrite it.");
            }
            StraightStreamReader in;
            char[] cbuf = new char[0x1000];
            int read;
            int totRead;

            // write a file with all possible values of bytes
                  FileOutputStream out = new FileOutputStream(f);
            for (int i=0x00; i<0x100; i++){
                out.write(i);
            }
            out.close();

            // read it back using the read single character method
            in = new StraightStreamReader(new FileInputStream(f));
            for (int i=0x00; i<0x100; i++){
                read = in.read();
                if (read != i){
                  System.err.println("Error: " + i + " read as " + read);
                }
            }
            in.close();

            // read as much of it back as possible with one simple buffer read.
            in = new StraightStreamReader(new FileInputStream(f));
            totRead = in.read(cbuf);
            if (totRead != 0x100){
                System.err.println("Simple buffered read did not read the full amount: 0x" + Integer.toHexString(totRead));
            }
            for (int i=0x00; i<totRead; i++){
               if (cbuf[i] != i){
                  System.err.println("Error: 0x" + i + " read as 0x" + cbuf[i]);
                }
            }
            in.close();

            // read it back using buffer read method.
            in = new StraightStreamReader(new FileInputStream(f));
            totRead = 0;
            while (totRead <= 0x100 && (read = in.read(cbuf, totRead, 0x100 - totRead)) > 0){
                totRead += read;
                  }
            if (totRead != 0x100){
                System.err.println("Not enough read. Bytes read: " + Integer.toHexString(totRead));
            }
            for (int i=0x00; i<totRead; i++){
               if (cbuf[i] != i){
                  System.err.println("Error: 0x" + i + " read as 0x" + cbuf[i]);
                }
            }
            in.close();

            // read it back using an offset buffer read method.
            in = new StraightStreamReader(new FileInputStream(f));
            totRead = 0;
            while (totRead <= 0x100 && (read = in.read(cbuf, totRead+0x123, 0x100 - totRead)) > 0){
                totRead += read;
                  }
            if (totRead != 0x100){
                System.err.println("Not enough read. Bytes read: " + Integer.toHexString(totRead));
            }
            for (int i=0x00; i<totRead; i++){
               if (cbuf[i+0x123] != i){
                  System.err.println("Error: 0x" + i + " read as 0x" + cbuf[i+0x123]);
                }
            }
            in.close();

            // read it back using a partial offset buffer read method.
            in = new StraightStreamReader(new FileInputStream(f));
            totRead = 0;
            while (totRead <= 0x100 && (read = in.read(cbuf, totRead+0x123, 7)) > 0){
                totRead += read;
                  }
            if (totRead != 0x100){
                System.err.println("Not enough read. Bytes read: " + Integer.toHexString(totRead));
            }
            for (int i=0x00; i<totRead; i++){
               if (cbuf[i+0x123] != i){
                  System.err.println("Error: 0x" + i + " read as 0x" + cbuf[i+0x123]);
                }
            }
            in.close();

            f.delete();
        } catch (IOException x){
            System.err.println(x.getMessage());
            }
      }
}

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